Bhaktapur/ Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon) is the home of mediaeval art and architecture. The city was founded by King Ananda Deva in 889 A.D. and is shaped like a conchshell. Bhaktapur means ‘the city of devotees. The city is at a height of 4600ft. The Urban area is 4 square miles wide.
Pottery and weaving are its traditional industries. The city is nine miles east of kathmandu city connected by regular bus service.
Sidha Pokhari: is a big rectangular historic water tank near the bhadgaon city gate, built during the reign of the king Yakshya Malla. The city view of the snowy ranges can also be seen from here on clear days.
Darbar Square: The main square of the city contains innumerable temples and other architectural show–pieces- the Lion Gate, the picture Gallery, the Golden Gate, The statue of king Bhupatindra Malla, the palace of 55 windows, the Big Bell, the Bell of Barking Dogs, the Batsala Temple, The replica of Pashupatinath temple etc.
The Lion Gate: is adorned with the lovely stone figures of Hanuman, Bhairav and Narsingha Narayan. It is belived to have been built in 1636 A.D.
The Picture Gallery: Is a gallery of considerable values in which are displayed ancient paintings belonging to Hindu and Buddhist schools of Tantricism of various periods and description, This gallery is closed every Tuesday .
The Golden Gate: Is the entrance to the main courtyyard of the 55 windows palace. It was built by king Ranajit Malla. It is one of the most beautifull and richly carved specimen of its king in the entire world. The door is surmounted by a figure of goddess Kali ridding on a Garuda, the winged carrier of Lord Vishnu and attended by a sky nymph. The Gate is embellished with monsters of marvellous intricacy,. Art critic percy Brown described it as the most lovely piece of art in the whole kingdom and placed like a jewel flashing innumerable facets in the handsom setting in its surrounding.
Statue of King Bhupatindra Mall: The statue of King Bhupatindra Mall in the act of worship is placed on a column facing the temple. Of the many statues this is considered as the most magnificent .
Palace of 55 Windows: This palace was erected in the reign of King Yakshya Malla in 1427 A.D. and was remodelled by king Bhupatindra Malla in the 17th century, Among the walls of the bricks with their gracious setting and sculptural design is a balcony of 55 windows. This balcony is a masterpiece of wood carving.
The Big Bell: Was used to sound the curfew in the days of old rule. The colossal bell was hung by King Ranjit Malla in 1737 A.D. It is rung every morning when goddess Taleju is worshipped.
Batsala Temple: The stone temple of Batsala Devi is full of intricate carvings. There is a bronze bell at the terrace of this temple and this bell is known as the bell of barking dogs. When it peals the local dogs commence barking and howling. The sound of this bell is said to be a replica of the sound of the death. It was hung by king Bhupatindra Malla to scare away the evils.
Pashupatinath Temple: Is noted for its wood and erotic carvings on the struts. This replica of the famous pashupatinath temple of Kathmandu was built by King Sumati Jaya Jitamitra Malla, Father of King Bhupatindra Malla in 1682 A.D.
Bhairavnath Temple: Was first erected in one story type pagoda at the time of king Jagat Jyoti Malla and later elivated and made into a three storyed temple by king Bhupatindra Malla in 1718 A.D. This temple is also equally noteworthy for its splended artistry and is dedicated to god Bhairav (The God of Terror).
Nyatapola Temple: This five – storied pagoda-style temple was built by king Bhupatindra Malla in 1708 A. D. It stands on five terraces on is of whitch squat a pair of figures : two famous wrestlers, two elephants, two lions, two griffins and baghini and singhini- the tiger and the lion goddesses. Each pair of the figures is considered ten times stronger than the ones immediately below while the lowest pair, the two strong men Jaya Malla and Phatta Malla were reputedly ten times stronger than any other man. This is one of the tallest pagoda-style temples and famous in the world for its massive structure and subtle workmanship.
Dattatraya Temple: Is said two have been built from the trunk of a single tree. This temple was constructed in 1427 A.D. during the reign of king Yakshya Malla repaired by Vishwa Malla in 1458 A.D.
Near the Dattatraya temple, there is a monastery with exquisitely carved peacock windows. The famous peacock window was carved in the reign of Vishwa Malla in 1458 A.D. This monastery is full of artistic facades, latticed windows and engraved columns.
Surya Vinayak: Is the shrine of Ganesh (Elephant God) placed in a sylvan setting to catch the first rays of the rising sun. The view of conchshaped city of Bhadgaon is seen from here with snow peaks in the background. Nestling in the thick forest it is a good picknic spot flanked by many attractive landscapes.
Changu Narayan: Is situated at the in of a long ridge which runs well into the valley. It is said to have been built by King Hari Datta Varma in 323 A.D. Who also added the goddess of Chinna Masta. The temple is richly decorated with sculptures and carving. It is said to be the oldest pagoda-style temple in the valley. It is situated about 500Ft. above the valley floor and affords a beautifull view of the surrounding countryside.